Laws You Should KnowThe following information and summarized provisions of the San Diego County Code (SDCC) reflect the basic responsibilities of animal ownership. Please take a few moments to become more familiar with these regulations that promote animal and public health, safety and welfare. For additional information please visit your local county animal shelter or call (619) 236-4250.
You may read the entire summary of basic animal related laws or click on the links below to view specific information.
- Disturbing the Peace
- Humane Care
- Public Protection
- Rabies Vaccination and Dog License Requirements
- Restraint and Leash Law
Disturbing the Peace
It is a public offense for any person to own or harbor an animal in such a manner that the peace and quiet of the public is unreasonably disturbed (SDCC Section 62.672). Modest changes in animal housing and care can often prevent or reduce noise disturbances. The following suggestions may be helpful:
- Oftentimes dogs bark out of boredom Owners should ensure that their dogs are made a "part of the family" and are provided with adequate companionship and exercise.
- Owners should ensure that their dogs are kept within an enclosure, rather than tied, and provided adequate covered shelter. It's often helpful to maintain dogs indoors (house or garage) at night. Dogs should also be provided adequate food and water in secure containers.
- Owners who plan on being away from home overnight should make arrangements for the care and companionship of their pets.
- In some cases, professional training or consultation with a veterinarian or canine behaviorist may be helpful.
Humane treatment of an animal includes providing it with adequate shelter, food, water, and exercise, as well as any necessary veterinary care. To ensure proper animal health, it is recommended that owners have their pets examined by a veterinarian at least once a year. A number of state and local laws prohibit animal cruelty, a crime punishable as a felony or misdemeanor. In general, "cruelty " includes every act, omission, or neglect whereby unnecessary or unjustifiable physical pain or suffering is caused or permitted (Penal Code Section 599b).
Public Protection from Dogs
Each year thousands of area residents are bitten or attacked by dogs. Many bite victims are substantially injured and children sustain the majority of injuries. As a result of these incidents, owners are often subject to administrative action and may also incur criminal responsibility and/or civil liability.
Dog owners are responsible for ensuring that their animals do not harm or endanger the health or safety of people or other animals. Since most biting or attacking incidents occur on or near the owner's premises, they are normally preventable if reasonable and common sense precautions are taken.
Owners should not assume that their dogs would always act predictably in unusual circumstances or with unfamiliar people. In such situations, there is a greater risk of dogs biting or attacking people and therefore additional precautions are recommended. These situations include any dog that has previously demonstrated defensive or protective tendencies or that is roaming in a pack, protecting its pups, tied or chained, left in a vehicle, or kept in an area frequented by children.
Any person owning or having custody or control of a dog must at all times prevent the dog from attacking, biting, or injuring any person engaged in a lawful act, and from damaging or interfering with the lawful use of property (SDCC Section 62.669.1).
Rabies Vaccinations and Dog Licensing
- The owner of every dog over the age of four months is required by law to ensure that his or her pet is currently vaccinated against rabies (SDCC Section 62.610) and licensed (SDCC Section 62.620[a]). (Dog owners who fail to comply with rabies vaccination or licensing requirements are subject to costly penalties.)
- Rabies vaccination of dogs (a prerequisite for licensing) has been highly effective as an animal and public health measure, and is especially important in areas like ours where the potential threat of exposure to rabies from wildlife is a significant concern. The primary or first rabies vaccination is good for one year, and the second vaccination given one-year later, and subsequent (or booster) vaccinations are valid for three years.
- A dog's license tag, which must be securely fastened to the dog's collar or harness and worn by the dog at all times (SDCC Section 62.620[e]), provides a uniform system of identification, as well as a visible means of ensuring that the animal has been vaccinated against rabies.
- Finders of licensed dogs can access owner information 24 hours per day, 365 days per year by telephone and website. Lost dogs that are found wearing license tags can be quickly reunited with their owners, while dogs lost without external identification may be kept by their finder or brought to an animal shelter long after the owner may have given up searching for it.
- If you've recently moved to San Diego County and your dog is currently licensed elsewhere, you may be able to transfer that license for a nominal fee for the duration of the rabies vaccine, if the vaccine has been approved for use in California.
- For your convenience, the Department of Animal Services and local veterinarians provide numerous rabies vaccination and dog licensing clinics throughout the county. For recorded information about upcoming clinics, please call (619) 236-4646. For more information about dog licensing, please visit your local county animal shelter or call (619) 236-4250.
- Click here for information about spaying or neutering your pet.
Restraint of Dogs
Proper restraint of dogs will prevent them from harming or interfering with other animals, people, or property, and will also prevent them from becoming lost or from being injured by vehicles or other animals.
At Home: At home, dog owners must effectively control their dogs by voice or electronic pet containment system, or must physically and humanely restrain them by a leash, fence, or other enclosure (SDCC Section 62.669[b]; Penal Code Section 597t).
Away from Home: If you walk or otherwise bring a dog to public or other private property (where dogs are permitted), you must restrain the dog by a hand held leash (not longer than 6 feet in length) (SDCC Sections 62.669[a], 62.601[d], and 62.601[y]).
In a Motor Vehicle: If you transport an animal in a motor vehicle you must safely enclose or protect the animal by a harness or other device that will prevent the animal from falling, being thrown, or jumping from the vehicle (SDCC Section 62.700)
Warm weather tip: On a warm day, vehicle interior temperatures can reach extreme levels and endanger the health and/or life of your pet in a matter of minutes, even with partially open windows. During warm weather -- leave your pet at home! Shaded parking areas, open windows, or an air-conditioned vehicle with the engine off won't save your pet's life.
It is a public offense for any person to leave an animal in an unattended vehicle without adequate ventilation or in a manner as to subject the animal to extreme temperatures that adversely affect the animal's health or welfare (SDCC Section 62.701).
Reporting of Bites
All persons bitten and the parents or guardians of minor children bitten, as well as any person owning or having custody or control of a dog (or other animal of a species subject to rabies) that bites a person, must promptly report the incident to the Department of Animal Services (SDCC Section 62.615[b]). This is necessary so that such animals can be temporarily isolated (as required by law) in an approved place and manner (oftentimes at the owner's residence) and observed for at least 10 days for any symptoms of rabies. This requirement applies whether or not the biting animal has been vaccinated against rabies.
Animal owners are required to keep their animal premises sanitary and free from any fly breeding reservoir, offensive odors, and human or animal disease (SDCC Section 62.668[d]). It is a public offense for any person to allow a dog in his or her custody to defecate or to urinate on any property other than that of the owner or person having control of the dog. Persons having control of a dog are required to restrain or control the animal so that it urinates or defecates only in the street gutters, and to immediately remove any feces to a proper receptacle (SDCC Section 62.670).